We cannot remain true to our principles unless we are able to reach all vulnerable people effectively and in a non-discriminatory and equitable manner.
The provisions of the IFRC Strategic Framework on Gender and Diversity Issues 2013–2020 are embedded firmly in the Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. We cannot remain true to our principles unless we are able to reach all vulnerable people effectively and in a non-discriminatory and equitable manner.
The IFRC Strategic Framework on Gender and Diversity Issues (and its Explanatory Note) provides direction to IFRC Secretariat and all Red Cross and Red Crescent National Societies to ensure that all of its actions promote gender equality and respect for diversity and are non-discriminatory towards people of all ages and backgrounds. The Strategic Framework complements the IFRC Strategy on Violence Prevention, Mitigation and Response 2010–2020.
Dignity Access Participation Safety (DAPS)
The DAPS Framework provides a simple but comprehensive guide for addressing the core actions in Red Cross Red Crescent emergency programming.
For the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, human dignity means respect for the life and integrity of individuals. All Red Cross and Red Crescent emergency responders and emergency response programmes should contribute to the maintenance and promotion of human dignity.
Emergency response programmes should provide access for all individuals and sub-groups within the affected population. Accordingly, the beneficiary selection and prioritisation criteria for accessing humanitarian goods, services and protection must be informed by a gender and diversity analysis to ensure that the assistance and protection reach people who are most at risk.
Participation refers to the full, equal and meaningful involvement of all members of the community in decision-making processes and activities that affect their lives. Sharing of information is a Core Humanitarian Standard for accountability to beneficiaries and is critical part of participation.
Females, males and other gender identities of all ages and backgrounds within affected communities have different needs regarding their physical safety. Monitoring the safety of project sites from the perspectives of diverse groups is essential to ensure that the assistance provided meets everyone’s needs and concerns in an equitable manner.
Read in the Minimum Standard Commitments how these concepts guide the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement’s work.
When a disaster strikes, women, children and the elderly often struggle with more than just losing their homes and belongings. They face other dangers and threats to their security, usually in the form of sexual and gender-based violence.
Along with several other flood-prone communities, the Thai Red Cross Society has been working closely with the Ban Ton-Wa villagers since January 2017 to support them in becoming more resilient to disasters.
Zulaihat Usman is a 30-year-old mother of four. She said that in 2015, members of an armed group in Borno state attacked her neighbourhood in Gwoza, about 135km from Maiduguri. “They held us hostage for over a month and we were not able to escape,” she said.
Three outcomes form the basis for operationalising the IFRC Strategic Framework on Gender and Diversity Issues.
- Systematic incorporation of gender and diversity in all programmes, services and tools.
- Improved gender and diversity composition at all levels.
- Reduced gender- and diversity-based inequality, discrimination and violence.
The Canadian Red Cross in close cooperation with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, has developed its CERA Project “Capacity Building for Emergency Response in the Americas”.
The rationale for integrating a gender perspective in the activities of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies lies in the Red Cross and Red Crescent humanitarian mandate – to prevent and alleviate human suffering without discrimination. Gender equality ensures that there is no sex-based discrimination in the allocation of resources or benefits, or in access to services.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is advancing the development of policy research to support advocacy and action for enhanced response to and prevention of gender-based violence (GBV) in disasters. To further this objective, the IFRC commissioned a global study on GBV in disasters in 2015, including nine case studies across the Asia-Pacific, Africa, Latin America and Caribbean and Europe regions. Ranked as one of the ‘most at risk countries, Myanmar was chosen as a case study. Prone to cyclones, earthquakes, and drought, it is estimated that 2.6 million people in Myanmar were affected by cyclones; 500,000 affected by floods; and 20,000 affected by earthquakes in the decade between 2002 and 2012.