Good legislation is critical to reducing disaster risks. Law can set the stage for early warning, financing, community empowerment and accountability – or it can obscure and obstruct the necessary steps.
Laws and regulations serve as a foundation for building community resilience. They are essential to reducing existing risks posed by natural hazards, preventing new risks from arising and making people safer. In 2005, the Hyogo Framework for Action highlighted the importance of good legislation to support disaster risk reduction (DRR). The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, adopted in March 2015, calls for a renewed focus on reviewing and strengthening legal frameworks.
In light of this international guidance, many countries have sought to strengthen their laws and regulations for DRR and have been asking: what should good legislation say about DRR?
Since 2012, The IFRC and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) have been working on a joint project to research, compare and consult on the efforts of various countries to strengthen how their laws support the reduction of disaster risks, particularly at the community level. In June 2014, they launched a major new study examining 31 countries and in December 2015, they launched a new tool, The Checklist on Law and Disaster Risk Reduction and its accompanying guide, The Handbook on Law and Disaster Risk Reduction, to provide practical guidance on this area of law.
Disaster law tools
Research and consultations over the last ten years have demonstrated that managing international disaster assistance operations has become increasingly complex. The absence of specific domestic procedures can make it difficult for affected states to effectively oversee, regulate and facilitate the entry of life-saving relief.
Natural hazards cause massive human suffering and adversely affecting the realisation of sustainable development.
In the face of climate change, the world continues to witness frequent and large-scale disasters. In the rst half of 2017 alone, 149 natural disasters occurred in 73 countries resulting in 3,162 deaths, affecting 80 million people and resulting in the estimated loss of US$32.4 billioni.
The Guidelines are a set of recommendations to governments on how to pre- pare their disaster laws and plans for the common regulatory problems in international disaster relief operations.
Archive of disaster law publications from our old website. Please bear with us as we bring the documents onto our new platform.
The role of law may not necessarily spring to mind when thinking about how to prepare for a disaster, but this was just what national authorities and the South Sudan Red Cross had put on the table as they discussed the importance of having a disaster risk management law and policy in place.
The prominence of gender inequality in disasters and exposure to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) after disasters are increasingly recognised.
Disasters affect women, men, boys, and girls in different ways. Socio-economic conditions, traditional practices, and cultural beliefs, often mean that women and their children are disproportionately affected; facing increased risk of death, injury, lo …
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Archive of disaster law news stories from our old website.