Theme: Disaster management
Before the latest influx of hundreds of thousands of people from Myanmar’s Rakhine state began in August last year, Laila Begum says the area close to her house was nothing but forest, with elephants roaming through the vegetation.
The past two years have seen unprecedented attention lavished on disasters by the media, by the public and by aid organizations across the world.
In terms of natural hazards and their impact, 2008 was one of the most devastating years. While hazards are largely unavoidable, especially with the growing threat of climate change, they only become disasters when communities’ coping mechanisms are exceeded and they are unable to manage their impacts.
The signs of our vulnerability to urban risk are everywhere. An earthquake can bring hospitals, schools and homes tumbling down with unspeakably tragic consequences.
This year, the World Disasters Report takes on a challenging theme that looks at different aspects of how culture affects disaster risk reduction (DRR) and how disasters and risk influence culture.
Research and consultations over the last ten years have demonstrated that managing international disaster assistance operations has become increasingly complex. The absence of specific domestic procedures can make it difficult for affected states to effectively oversee, regulate and facilitate the entry of life-saving relief.
Natural hazards cause massive human suffering and adversely affecting the realisation of sustainable development.
In the face of climate change, the world continues to witness frequent and large-scale disasters. In the rst half of 2017 alone, 149 natural disasters occurred in 73 countries resulting in 3,162 deaths, affecting 80 million people and resulting in the estimated loss of US$32.4 billioni.
The Guidelines are a set of recommendations to governments on how to pre- pare their disaster laws and plans for the common regulatory problems in international disaster relief operations.
The Red Cross and Red Crescent has published an innovative new guide covering the humanitarian challenges of our increasingly urbanised world.