A new water treatment facility in Arua District, Uganda, started pumping over 400,000 litres of water a day from the Nile River into storage tanks, where it is filtered, treated and tested for quality, before being trucked to nearby Rhino Camp, currently home to 86,000 refugees. At capacity, the plant will treat 1 million litres of potable water per day. Pictures: Tommy Trenchard. Read more about this project.
Water, sanitation and good hygiene: vital components in our global cholera response
Water, sanitation and good hygiene practices are fundamental to healthy life. Our collective aim is to ensure every family has affordable and sustainable access to safe water and adequate sanitation. Despite major progress in this ambition over recent years, the poorest and most vulnerable, especially in countries where government or infrastructure is dysfunctional, still suffer with inadequate facilities. And we know that this is a major factor which causes death or poor health, reduces productivity, impacts upon nutrition and undermines personal dignity.
For example, the provision of safe water and adequate sanitation have been vital in the response to cholera and, as shown in large scale cholera eradication efforts such as in Mexico in the 1990s, tackling this one disease leads to a massive reduction – by more than half – in overall diarrhoeal disease rates. This informs our approach to fighting current outbreaks of cholera and preventing future ones. The best way to deal with present and future epidemics is to bring water and sanitation coverage up to adequate levels, while also working with people and communities to raise awareness of good hygiene practices. It is our first, and perhaps most effective, intervention. Of course, the people most vulnerable to cholera outbreaks are often the poorest.
Lack of clean water and inadequate sanitation remains one of the biggest health concerns in any overcrowded refugee camp.
A short explanation of the different terms we use to describe our work.
Zakaria Pulumo’s house overlooks scenic valleys and horizons, in Ha Lebele Village. And, even with the vegetation suffering the consequences of drought, the landscape of this part of Mafeteng district remains attractive. But 54-year-old Pulumo has more …
Rajuma Khatun, 25, is exhausted. She has barely eaten or slept since she arrived in Bangladesh from Rakhine State, Myanmar. Sitting in a makeshift shelter under a piece of plastic sheeting, she is surrounded by 17 other members of her family, including her blind father-in-law and eight children.
100 per cent coverage is coming, slowly
At the current rate of improvement, Wateraid estimates that all people in the world will have access to adequate water and sanitation facilities by the year 2057, 27 years behind schedule. The World Health Organization estimates that one newborn baby dies every minute from infection caused by a lack of safe water and an unclean environment.
40 per cent of the world has access to a toilet
91 per cent has access to safe water
Globally 66 per cent of schools have adequate toilet facilities
81 per cent of people living in urban settings have access to a good toilet
Sustainable development goals
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted in 2015, and call for access to clean water and good sanitation facilities to cover 100 per cent of the world’s population.
- 1990 76%
- 2012 89%
- 2015 91%
- 1990 49%
- 2012 64%
- 2015 68%