Reduction of disaster impacts
This entails structural and non-structural measures undertaken to limit the adverse impact of natural hazards and climate extremes.
Building river bank enhancements, storm-proofing shelters, and evacuation centres, or nature-based solutions such as planting mangroves to reduce the risk posed by storm surges are examples of measures taken to reduce the impact of disasters.
Eco-DRR and Nature-Based Solutions are increasingly being used as a sustainable and cost-effective way to reduce the impacts of disasters and extreme events.
Nature-based solutions (NbS) are actions that protect, sustainably manage, and restore natural or modified ecosystems, that address societal challenges effectively and adaptively, simultaneously providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits. Nature-based solutions are increasingly being recognized as one of the most effective and cost-efficient means to reduce disaster risks, adapt to climate change and build community resilience.
IFRC’s participatory approach to safe shelter awareness (PASSA) aims to raise people’s awareness of the ‘everyday risks’ related to their built environment and foster locally appropriate safe shelter and settlement practices. It offers a simple process, facilitated by Red Cross Red Crescent volunteers and technical advisors, through which communities can build upon their own insights, skills and leadership to attain improved living conditions and safer habitats.