Every year, small and medium-sized disasters often occur in silence, without the attention of the mainstream media. Without visibility or attention beyond the local region in which they occur, these silent disasters often do not receive the influx of financial support that can follow large-scale emergencies or disasters. To support these smaller emergencies or disasters, or to provide initial funding before emergency appeals are launched for large-scale disasters, the IFRC secretariat allocates grants from its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to National Societies to support their operations.
What is the DREF?
The Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) was established by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) in 1985 to provide immediate financial support to National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, enabling them to carry out their unique role as first responders after a disaster.
The DREF is available to all 190 member National Societies of the IFRC, and has two main purposes:
- Start-up funding for the IFRC and National Societies to respond to large-scale disasters – the “loan facility”
- Funding for National Society responses to small- and medium-scale disasters and health emergencies for which no international appeal will be launched or when support from other actors is not foreseen – the “grant facility”.
All requests for DREF allocations are reviewed on a case-by-case basis. Money can be authorized and released within 24 hours.
How is the DREF funded?
Funds for DREF are sought through an annual appeal. This allows the IFRC to maintain the necessary balance of funds to meet the requests for support.
If you or your organization is interested in supporting the DREF mechanism of emergency response, please contact us.
Forecast-based Action (FbA) by the DREF
Complementing the existing DREF modalities for imminent crisis, grant for smaller emergencies and loans for large scale emergency response, the Forecast-based Action (FbA) by the DREF is a funding mechanism specifically designed to fund Forecast-based Early Action Protocols (EAP) developed by Red Cross an d Red Crescent Societies. Connecting the new mechanism to the DREF strengthens links, data sharing and decision-making between the different phases of intervention in the disaster management cycle.
The Forecast based Action by the DREF was launched in 2018 and it’s managed by the IFRC Secretariat as a central fund and it. More information on the FbA by the DREF can be found here.
News about ongoing DREF operations
- Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) – An introduction
- Donor response to programmes and appeals
- Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) – Allocations and reports
- Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) 2019 – Annual Plan
- Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) 2018 – Donor response
- Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) 2019 – Donor response