Traditionally, much of the humanitarian effort focuses on immediate life saving responses to disasters or crises. At the same time, individuals and communities facing simultaneous or repeated shocks, such as economic crises, disease epidemics, or natural disasters with destruction of shelter or productive assets, are better supported when humanitarian action also addresses the underlying vulnerabilities and builds capacities to better cope with future shocks.

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Strategy 2020 describes both the IFRC’s engagement in life-saving activities in disasters and crises as well as highlighting the importance of protecting livelihoods, strengthening recovery and enabling healthy and safe living in the longer-term. The Strategy thus emphasizes the role of the Red Cross Red Crescent in both humanitarian action to respond to immediate needs and in addressing underlying causes of vulnerability through developmental activity.

To meet these ambitions the IFRC is further developing and improving its resilience approaches and programming by combining the humanitarian concern for imminent threats with the sustainable and longer-term approaches and institutional strengthening traditionally associated with development.

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National Societies
Disaster risk reduction, Resilience
Document type
Document library, Guide