More than 900,000 displaced people from Rakhine state, Myanmar, are currently staying in Cox’s Bazar district, in Bangladesh, after being forced to cross the border to flee violence. It is the largest encampment of displaced people in the world. With support from IFRC and partners, the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society has launched a population movement operation to assist displaced people and the host community with life-saving services, including health, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion, shelter and disaster risk reduction.
More than two years after the influx following August 2017, displaced people are still heavily reliant on humanitarian assistance for basic survival and subsistence. Pathways to durable solutions remain unclear. At the same time, the standard of living and economic wellbeing has deteriorated for the host community in Ukhiya and Teknaf, for example, due to the higher cost of living and lower wages. The influx has affected the physical environment, security and social cohesion between displaced people and the host community.
In 2019, the community engagement and accountability team from the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society population movement operation conducted a large-scale study to get a better understanding of the perceptions of displaced people and the host community. Survey topics included security and protection, livelihoods opportunities, hopes for the future and the overall perception of the Red Crescent. The study involved focus group discussions and household interviews. Its objective is to inform humanitarian programming and to enable evidence-based advocacy.
Publication date: 19/11/2019
Document status: Final