Turkey hosts almost 4 million refugees who were vulnerable already before the onset of COVID-19 and who were hit hard by the deteriorating socio-economic impacts of the pandemic. Turkish Red Crescent (TRC) and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) have conducted a large-scale survey to better understand the vulnerabilities and challenges faced. 

A large-scale remote survey was conducted by the TRC’s Kızılaykart Cash Based Assistance Programme Coordinatorship and IFRC under the EU-funded Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) to better understand the severity of humanitarian conditions across different refugee groups in Turkey; identify further information needs and help improve the ESSN programme and accountability to the refugee population. 

The research has found that the socio-economic situation brought on by COVID-19 has significantly eroded the ability of refugees to meet their basic needs. Cash assistance through ESSN is providing refugees with an important financial buffer compared to ones who do not receive assistance; however, the economic pressures have affected everyone significantly. Their resources and coping strategies have been exhausted, debt levels are rising, and if restrictions continue, the needs of refugees could increase dramatically. Although ESSN supports the most vulnerable households, the needs among refugees not receiving ESSN is growing and could soon equal the proportion of those ESSN targets.

Summary report can be found here.

Download: Intersectoral Vulnerability Survey: The Vulnerability Conditions of Refugees Living in Turkey

Publication date: 18/06/2021

Document status: Final

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Document data

National Societies
IFRC, Turkish Red Crescent
Europe, Turkey
Cash transfer, ESSN, Food insecurity, Migration, Refugees
Document type
Report, Research, Survey