Nepal witnessed a devastating earthquake on 25th April 2015 that claimed the lives of more than 8,000 people. Hundreds of thousands of people were left homeless and amongst them were high numbers of women, children and older persons, people with disabilities and minorities. Some organizations working in the earthquake response began to identify women and girls affected by the disaster who had suffered, or were vulnerable to, sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in the post-disaster period. This included forms of SGBV to which they were not as vulnerable in normal times, and for which there appeared to be insuf cient preparedness to provide protection.