Cox’s Bazar residents vulnerable as monsoon season approaches

Hundreds of thousands of people fleeing violence in Rakhine State, Myanmar have been living in camps in Cox’s Bazar for the last six months. Now monsoon season is approaching, which will cause major challenges for families and those trying to support them.

Thousands of people from Rakhine state will soon be exposed to cyclones and monsoon rains in Bangladesh. And their makeshift homes, perched precariously atop sandy hills, and across steep valleys, are not ready.

Even before cyclone and monsoon seasons arrive, there is serious erosion and land slippage under the stress of so many shelters and people now crammed into the region – threatening the safety and lives of people already so vulnerable.

-Words: Anita Dullard / Pictures: Jess Letch, AJ Ghani, Nidhi Dutt

See the latest from our operations in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.

The coming monsoon and cyclone seasons or a disease outbreak could trigger a disaster within a disaster for both displaced families and the host community. We’re working with volunteers from the displaced and host communities to build people’s self-reliance and food security, promote hygiene and prepare for example by training people to brace their shelters for the expected high winds and rain.

Our contingency plans aim to ensure we continue to meet the basic needs of children and adults, even during bad weather or a disease outbreak. We’re pre-positioning emergency stocks and heavy-lifting machinery. Preparations are under way to secure the field hospital for the expected monsoon and cyclones so it continues to provide much needed medical care.

Up to a third of the settlement area could be flooded and more than 85,000 people could lose their shelters; another 23,000 living on steep slopes are at risk of landslides, according to an inter-agency analysis of the geography of the Kutapalong and Balukhali settlement areas.

Nur Alam, and his 4-year-old grandson Ibrahim, have been living in this tent for months in Moinnerghona camp, where everyone is helping each other as best they can.

Nur al Saba and her 6-year-old grandson rely on Red Cross Red Crescent for basic support such as food and shelter. She left everything behind, after being forced to flee violence in Rakhine state.

Mohhamad Ali has just received tarpaulins, rope, dry foods and blanket for everyone in his family.


Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries to the impact of climate change, and scientists predict global warming will bring more floods, and stronger cyclones. The regional outlook for the summer monsoon season is expected mid-April. But the steepness of the slopes and overcrowding in the temporary settlements mean the level of vulnerability is acute regardless of rainfall levels.