Increasing migration is both a cause and consequence of some of the most significant humanitarian challenges of the modern era. In recent years, people on the move across different regions all over the world have highlighted the risks faced by migrants, especially when particularly vulnerable.
People decide to move for different reasons: fear of persecution, conflict and violence, human rights violations, poverty and lack of economic prospects, or natural disasters. Many people cross borders to find work, and an increasing number are moving as a result of climate change. People’s reasons for migrating are complex, and often a combination of a variety of these and other factors.
258 million international migrants
The highest number in recorded human history, according to the UN.
65.4 million are forced migrants
Fleeing violence, persecution or natural disasters.
50% of migrating women face violence
Studies suggest half of all migrating women have experienced rape or sexual violence.
1,000 children reunited
In 2015, over 1,000 children travelling alone were reunited with family.
The International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has a longstanding history of working with migrants. National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies provide support to people migrating, including refugees and asylum-seekers, victims of trafficking, labour migrants and unaccompanied children, and provide life-saving and life-enhancing services to the most vulnerable such as first aid, access to health care and other essential services.
Working with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), National Societies also play a crucial role in helping reunite families through restoring family links (RFL) services.
With National Societies in 190 countries and around 17 million volunteers around the world, the IFRC has a truly global presence, allowing us to support migrants at different stages of their journeys in countries of origin, transit and destination. Through our local action globally, we are uniquely placed to prevent suffering and help uphold the rights and dignity of migrants, as well as help societies to maximise the benefits of migration through social inclusion programmes. The IFRC also aims to bridge increasingly polarised views on migration, supporting migrants and host communities to work toward mutual understanding and individual and community resilience.
Our work in Migration
We support National Societies in providing humanitarian assistance to migrants, irrespective of their legal status, addressing their most pressing needs and responding to the most vulnerable people.
Migration: A humanitarian perspective
You can now register for a massive open online course (MOOC) on the International Red Cross and Red Crescent’s approach to migration. The course presents the Movement’s approach to migration and how we work to address the humanitarian needs of migrants. The course is now available in Arabic and will soon be available in English.
Cette stratégie énonce les atouts majeurs et le but commun des Sociétés nationales et du Secrétariat de la Fédération internationale en matière de migration, et fixe les cibles à atteindre et les objectifs à réaliser sur une période de cinq ans, de 2018 à 2022. La stratégie tient compte des différences régionales et nationales et elle est suffisamment spécifique pour pousser la Fédération internationale à optimiser son impact dans le soutien aux migrants, tout en étant suffisamment générale pour tenir compte de différents problèmes et contextes et des capacités diverses des Sociétés nationales.
En 2007, la 16e Assemblée générale de la Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge a prié le Conseil de direction de créer un Groupe de référence sur la migration, qui serait chargé de donner des orientations et des avis quant à l’élaboration d’une politique de la Fédération relative à la migration.