Mozambique lies along the eastern side of southern Africa. Like its neighbours, the country experiences a complex mix of social trends and natural disasters that contribute to high levels of vulnerability that negatively impact its development. At independence in 1975, Mozambique was one of the world’s poorest countries. The violent civil war that followed left much of the country’s infrastructure in tatters and, although political stability since the peace agreement in 1992 and the first multi-party elections in 1994 has led to improvements in the country’s growth rate, in 2006 Mozambique was still ranked 168th on the Human Development Index.
Publication date: 03/05/2007
Document status: Final